Gears are used to transfer motion and power from one moving parts to another. Two or more gears working in tandem are called a transmission and can produce a mechanical advantage through a gear ratio and thus may be considered a simple machine. The most common situation is for a gear to mesh with another gear, however a gear can also mesh a non-rotating toothed part, called a rack, thereby producing translation instead of rotation.
There are generally four different purposes for gears:
There are many different types of gears, including: